Facts about Yakutia

 

map

 

 

Fig.1. Map of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

 

Location: North-eastern part of Eurasia

Area: approx. 3.100.000 sq.km.

Population: approx. 950.000 citizens

Capital: Yakutsk, 1632 (appox. 300.000 citizens)

Adjacent Seas: Laptev Sea, East-Siberian Sea

Major Islands: Bolshoy Begichev, New Siberian Islands, Medvezhie/Bear Islands

 

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BolshoyLyakhovsky Island (New Siberian Islands)

 

The northernmost points:

continental - the Cape of Paksa (74ºN)

island - Henrietta Island (77ºN)

The southernmost point: on Stanovoy Range, (55º30ʹS)

Administrative division: 35 regions and uluses

Landscape: 2/3 of the territory is covered by mountains and plateaus

The highest point: the Pobeda/Victory Mountain (3003 km).

Major mountain ranges: Verkhoyansky, Momsky,Chekanovskogo, Stanovyi

Climate: Sharply continental

Seasonal amplitude: reaches 101ºC

Major rivers:

Lena (4400 km) (its tributaries – Vitim (1978), Aldan (2273), Vilyi (2650)), Yana (872), Indigirka (1977), Kolyma (2600), Olenyok (2270), Anabar (939)

Major Lakes: approx. 710.000 lakes

BolshoyeTokko (72m deep), Labinkyr (52m), Inkan (61m), etc.

Geographic zones: arctic deserts, arctic/tundra, tundra-taiga, boreal

 

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boreal zone                                      arctic/tundra zone

 

Fauna of Yakutia:

Amphibians – 4 species

Reptiles – 2

Birds – 291 (48 resident species, 250 nesting species, other - vagrant)

Mammals – 63

 

Flora of Yakutia:

Vascular plants – 1965 species

Bryophytes – 752

Lichens – 718

Fungi – 923

Algae – 3124

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